Swedish vs. English: Language Comparison - Ask-Scholars.com (2023)

spread the love

Swedish vs. English: Language Comparison and Similarities. English and Swedish are related languages. Both belong to the Germanic language family. But there are small differences that make them look very different than they are.

Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken by around 10 million people in Sweden while Swedish is the official language of Sweden. Swedish is easy to learn for English speakers.

On the other hand, this article compares Swedish and English grammar at a very basic level so that you can get a basic understanding of both languages.

How do you learn a language on your own?

So Swedish vs English language comparison was done below!


Swedish and English alphabet

There are 26 English alphabets and 29 Swedish alphabets.

The Swedish language has three vowels that English does not have. The letters Å, Ä, Ö are the last in the Swedish alphabet after Z.

same asBed and breakfastcconcerningand andF fg gSSI iEvery word
kkLlmmmnorth northla laPageqqRrSTt
shev.v.Wwxxand andZzach SimEhÖ

Very similar grammar: (English vs. Swedish)

simple verb forms

The Swedish language always has the same verb form.

UE Cycles'I ride a bike';you ride a bike'you ride a bike';he rides a bicycle"He rides a bicycle";She rides a bike"She rides a bicycle";we ride bikes'we cycle';you ride a bike'you ride a bike';You ride a bike'circulate'.

Swedish does not have a continuous tense as in 'I'm cycling'. Use the simple present tense instead:i ride a bike.

Swedish verbs are not conjugated depending on the person performing them, but they remain the same regardless of who they refer to. Another feature of Swedish verbs is that they have only one form in the present tense.

similar times

Swedish uses the tenses the same as English, ie present, past tense (imperfect), perfect. The past tense of weak verbs usually ends in -de/-te:I rode a bike"I rode a bike";I read'I read'.


There are also strong verbs with vowel changes in the root:

I drink'I drink';I drank'I drank';I drank'I drank';I had been drinking'I had been drinking'.

Use of similar adjectives

Just like in English, adjectives used attributively in Swedish always come before the noun:

A great man: A big man

Swedish adjectives are usually compared by adding -(a)re, -(a)st or with mer, mest.







more practical

more practical



(Video) Study in Sweden without IELTS [ Bachelors & Masters in Sweden ] Sweden Student visa Without IELTS

more practical

more practical

Some irregular comparisons are like English:







If you want to learn Swedish or have questions about grammar, clickOn here.

Very different grammar than: (English vs. Swedish)

Article is the word that defines a noun as specific or nonspecific. Although there are two types of articles, the definite article and the indefinite article. While we useindefinitemean unspecific. Therefore,indefiniteis general. In the meantime, we useAre definedmean specifically. Therefore,Are definedit is private

Article in English

There are three articles in English:and,a, mia.

the definitive article(a)Used before a noun to indicate that the reader knows the identity of the noun.

the indefinite article(and,a)It is used before a common noun or when its identity is unknown.


(Video) Study in Sweden | How to meet your country-specific requirements 2023.

I haveandgato.


ÖBanana (specific shape).

Article in Swedish

Swedish has two indefinite articles (corresponding to a and an):nomi1.

The definite article (the) is not a separate word like in the English language. It is simply a form of the indefinite article that is added to the end of the noun. RealizenoWords ending in aVocalsKeep that vowel and add a-norteinstead of adding -en. And words ending in -e just add a -t.


I havenoKat.

An apple.

Bananano(shape defined)


While nouns have biological gender in English, 'the house -This;the girl -It is there?the child -to the'.

Swedish nouns have a grammatical gender that appears in their indefinite and definite (or final) articles. There are two gendersnot neutral(a genus) Duckneutral(ett gender), a system that therefore requires two words corresponding to "it":

  1. a woman'a woman' -the woman'the woman'-Schatz'Is he around?'
  2. a man'a man' -Herren'the man' -to the'to the'
  3. a forest'a forest' -The forest'The forest' -a'This'
  4. a mountain'a mountain' -the mountain'the mountain' -a'This'

Gender also appears in the form of an adjective, since adjectives agree, that is, they reflect the gender and number (singular/plural) of the noun to which they belong:

A big forest:a big forest,big forests: big forests
a big mountain: a big mountain,big mountains: big mountains

Simple English vs. Swedish word order

The Swedish word order is very different from the English, but follows a fixed structure.

Just note one common difference:

He is reading a book.He reads a book.
Read a book sometimes.Read a book sometimes.

Notice that in the second example, where a nonsubject(Once in a while)begins the sentence, the finite verb(to read)comes immediately after the non-subject in thesecond placein Swedish, followed by the subject, the so-called inversion.

Swedish words borrowed from English

Swedish and English share 1,558 words, which is quite a large number. So this is an incredible advantage for native English speakers learning Swedish. Because you already know a lot of vocabulary. While the grammar rules are logical. And even the alphabet is almost the same. The one part of learning Swedish that is the hardest to get used to is the pronunciation. But once you've mastered that, you're good to go.

(Video) Learn Swedish in 1 hour - The Best of 2022

The following Swedish words are borrowed from English, although their spelling may have changed and some words may have been translated.

clout:Filet,boycott: boycott,brand pages: beech country,table tennis: table tennis ,Chat line:chat line,discriminate(verb): discriminate,Doping:Doping,electricity: electricity,Connect(verb): flirt,NOT CORRECT:NOT CORRECT,the blink: noticeable,free spear: autonomous,Hamburger: Hamburger,website: website,Interview: Interview,copper: copper,Character: Character,conservative: conservative,chain reaction:chain reaction,crossword: crossword,Luke: Luke,die Email(verb): email,addicted: Strive,To the right: OK,Potato: potato,Skype(verb): Skype,Snob(Adjective): Snob,Jagend: follow,Messe:Messe,Salida: outside,Trainer: Trainer,toba: persistent ,Tourist: tourists,Cable: cable,virtual: virtual,website: website.

Maybe you want to learn Swedish or have questions about grammar, just clickOn here.

The Swedish words most similar to German are "hus", "nu", "liv", "vi", "oss", "tre", "se", "nummer", "mus" and "fisk". ", meaning " house". , "now", "life", "we", "us", "three", "see", "number", "mouse" and "fish".

Avoid confusion when comparing

There are Swedish words that are spelled the same as English words but have different meanings.

Examples are the Swedish word"Support", which means "good" in English, and"Glas", meaning "ice". Don't be too confused if a Swede asks you if you would like a drink. They don't want to get you, quite the opposite!

Swedish vs English word order quiz

What do you need to know to be able to ask a question in Swedish or English? Word order is very important in Swedish and not always the same as in English. In the following examples, however, the word order is the same in both languages.

Where is the bank?

var=where, he=is, banks=the bank.

Where is the bank?

Where's the mail?Where's the mail?
Where is the toilet?Where is the toilet?
where is the placeWhere is the marketplace?
Where is the school?Where is the school?

When is?When is it?
Who is Olof Palme?Who is Olof Palme?

Not all questions contain the wordit is'This'. Here are some other possible questions:

When does Ali sleep?When does Ali sleep?
When does Usman wake up?When does Usman wake up?
Where does Ali work?Where does Ali work?
Where does Usman live?Where does Usman live?

If you want to learn Swedish or have questions about grammar, clickOn here.

name of months

The Swedish months of the year do not start with a capital letter unless they start a sentence. For English speakers, the month names should be easily recognizable.

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December.

Finally, I hope you enjoy Swedish vs English: Language Comparison. Let me know your thoughts in the comment box and share this article with your family and friends.

(Video) How language shapes the way we think | Lera Boroditsky

Most importantly, subscribe to this blog for more useful information and learning content.



1. How I Won 5 scholarships: Masters, PhD & Fellowships in Sweden, France, Italy, Netherlands & USA
(Amaraizu Genius)
2. STUDY IN SWEDEN | How to apply to a University in Sweden | Bachelors & Masters Programmes in Sweden
(Ask Scholars dotcom )
(wakawaka _doctor)
4. Study in Sweden How to write a winning motivational letter. Must watch!
(Study and Work Buddy)
5. Towards a New European prehistory: genes, archaeology and language – Kristian Kristiansen
(Det humanistiske fakultet UiO)
6. How to apply for study in Sweden from Pakistan
(Explore with Hissan)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Frankie Dare

Last Updated: 04/27/2023

Views: 5860

Rating: 4.2 / 5 (53 voted)

Reviews: 84% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Frankie Dare

Birthday: 2000-01-27

Address: Suite 313 45115 Caridad Freeway, Port Barabaraville, MS 66713

Phone: +3769542039359

Job: Sales Manager

Hobby: Baton twirling, Stand-up comedy, Leather crafting, Rugby, tabletop games, Jigsaw puzzles, Air sports

Introduction: My name is Frankie Dare, I am a funny, beautiful, proud, fair, pleasant, cheerful, enthusiastic person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.